Aspects of self‐concept have been implicated in recent cognitive theories of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). It has been proposed that OCD is associated with perceptions of incompetence in self‐domains considered important by the individual. A previous study in nonclinical individuals found that such “sensitivity of self” in the areas of job competence, morality and social acceptability was associated with elevated OCD symptoms and related beliefs. This study examined whether self‐sensitivity is related to higher OCD symptoms and cognitions in individuals with OCD, and whether such self‐sensitivity is specific to OCD versus other anxiety disorders. Clinical samples with OCD (N=30), other anxiety disorders (N=20) and a community control sample (N=32) participated in the study. It was found that in the OCD group, sensitivity in moral domains, but not job competence or social acceptability, was associated with higher levels of OCD symptoms and OCD‐related beliefs. Sensitivity in the domains of morality and job competence was found in the OCD cohort, whereas individuals with other anxiety disorders did not show such sensitivity, suggesting some specificity of relationships to OCD. Implications for theory and therapy are discussed.