Enriched 1,3-β-glucan and 1,4-β-glucan synthase fractions from the fungus Saprolegnia were isolated by rate zonal centrifugation on glycerol gradient. Purification was improved by entrapment of the enzymes in their reaction product, i.e. microfibrillar glucans. 1,3-β-Glucan syntheses were separated from 1,4-β-glucan syntheses following resuspension of entrapped enzymes. Sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that 1,3-β-glucan and 1,4-β-glucan syntheses may have a different polypeptide composition because they were enriched for different protein subunits (34, 48, and 50 kD for the 1,3-β-glucan synthase and 60 kD for the 1,4-β-glucan synthase).