Should we choose between problem-based learning and team-based learning? No, combine the best of both worlds!

Diana Dolmans, Larry Michaelsen, Jeroen Van Merrienboer, Cees van der Vleuten

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    50 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: To meet changes in society and health care, medical curricula require continuous improvement. A relatively new development in medical education is team-based learning (TBL). In the previous century, problem-based learning (PBL) emerged as an exciting new method. Aims: What are the similarities and differences beten PBL and TBL? How do both approaches fit with current design principles? How might PBL and TBL benefit from each other's unique strengths? Methods: Analysis of the literature. Results: The overall similarities beten PBL and TBL relate to the use of professionally relevant problems and small group learning, both fitting ll with current instructional design principles. The main difference is that one teacher in TBL can run tnty or even more study teams, whereas in PBL each small group is run by one teacher. Conclusion: In this paper advocate for a joining of forces. By combining elements of PBL and TBL, could create varied instructional approaches that are in keeping with current instructional design principles, thereby combining the best of both worlds to optimize student learning.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)354-359
    Number of pages6
    JournalMedical Teacher
    Volume37
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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