Small GTPase pathways of the Ras superfamily are implicated in a wide range of signalling processes in animal cells. Small GTPases control pathways by acting as molecular switches. They are converted from an inactive GDP-bound form to an active GTP-bound form by GTP exchange factors (GEFs). The spatial and temporal regulation of GEFs is a major component of the regulation of small GTPases. Here we review the role of the Drosophila RhoGEF, Pebble (the Drosophila ortholog of mammalian ECT2). We discuss its roles in cytokinesis and cell migration, highlighting the diversity with which Rho family signalling pathways operate in biological systems.