Silica-attached molecular receptor complexes for benzoates and naphthoates

Jozef Hodyl, Stephen Lincoln, Kevin Wainwright

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    A series of cyclen (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) derived molecular receptors for aromatic oxoanions, that are activated by complexation with Cd(II), have been covalently linked to 3-(glycidoxy)propyl-functionalised silica gel (70-230 mesh). These immobilised receptor complexes are highly effective for the sequestration of o-hydroxybenzoates and 2-naphthoate from aqueous solution, achieving a >80% saturation level by stirring the material in the aqueous solution for 1 h at pH 7.00 and 298 K. Examination of the uptake levels of a variety of different benzoates and naphthoates suggests that the retention mechanism involves a combination of classical hydrogen bonding and non-classical, water mediated, O-H···π hydrogen bonding. Contrary to expectations, attachment of hydroxy terminated polyether chains to the periphery of the receptor complex diminished the level of uptake.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)261-270
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010


    • Cyclen derivatives
    • Hydroxybenzoates
    • Inclusion complex
    • Naphthoates
    • Silica attachment


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