Silver─Gallium Nano-Amalgamated Particles as a Novel, Biocompatible Solution for Antibacterial Coatings

Tien Thanh Nguyen, Pengfei Zhang, Jingwei Bi, Ngoc Huu Nguyen, Yen Dang, Zhaoning Xu, Hao Wang, Neethu Ninan, Richard Bright, Tuyet Pham, Chung Kim Nguyen, Ylias Sabri, Manh Tuong Nguyen, Jitraporn Vongsvivut, Yunpeng Zhao, Krasimir Vasilev, Vi Khanh Truong

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Bacterial infections account for countless deaths globally. Antibiotics are the primary countermeasure; however, the alarming spread of antibiotic-resistant strains necessitates alternative solutions. Silver and silver compounds have emerged as promising antibacterial agents. However, issues related to cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver remain concern. To overcome these challenges, this proposes an easy-to-control and straightforward method to synthesize novel Silver─gallium (Ag─Ga) nano-amalgamated particles. Gallium liquid metal (GaLM) is used to facilitate the galvanic deposition of silver nanocrystals (Ag) on oxide layer. The GaLM not only serves as a carrier for silver through the galvanic replacement process, but also provides a controlled-release mechanism for silver, in this way improving biocompatibility, reducing inflammation, and stimulating bone growth. Notably, Ag─Ga suspensions can be conveniently deposited by spray-coating on a range of devices and material surfaces, effectively eliminating pathogenic bacteria with efficacy comparable to that of silver ions. In vivo studies in rat models affirm the antibacterial capabilities, especially against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, when placed on implants such as titanium rods and magnesium discs. Furthermore, Ag─Ga promotes bone matrix formation and collagen growth without eliciting an inflammatory response, indicating a major promise for coatings on a wide variety of biomedical devices and materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2310539
Number of pages20
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Early online date5 Nov 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Nov 2023


  • antibacterial
  • biocompatibility
  • gallium
  • liquid metal
  • silver


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