Sirolimus conversion regimen versus continued calcineurin inhibitors in liver allograft recipients: a randomized trial

MF Adbelmalek, A Humar, F Stickel, P Andreone, A Pascher, E Barroso, GW Neff, D Ranjan, LT Toselli, E Gane, J Scarola, R Goldberg-Alberts, E S Maller, CM Lo, Robert Padbury

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    Abstract

    A large prospective, open-label, randomized trial evaluated conversion from calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)- to sirolimus (SRL)-based immunosuppression for preservation of renal function in liver transplantation patients. Eligible patients received liver allografts 6-144 months previously and maintenance immunosuppression with CNI (cyclosporine or tacrolimus) since early posttransplantation. In total, 607 patients were randomized (2:1) to abrupt conversion (<24 h) from CNI to SRL (n = 393) or CNI continuation for up to 6 years (n = 214). Between-group changes in baseline-adjusted mean Cockcroft-Gault GFR at month 12 (primary efficacy end point) were not significant. The primary safety end point, noninferiority of cumulative rate of graft loss or death at 12 months, was not met (6.6% vs. 5.6% in the SRL and CNI groups, respectively). Rates of death at 12 months were not significantly different, and no true graft losses (e.g. liver transplantation) were observed during the 12-month period. At 52 weeks, SRL conversion was associated with higher rates of biopsy-confirmed acute rejection (p = 0.02) and discontinuations (p < 0.001), primarily for adverse events. Adverse events were consistent with known safety profiles. In conclusion, liver transplantation patients showed no demonstrable benefit 1 year after conversion from CNI- to SRL-based immunosuppression. Conversion from calcineurin inhibitor to sirolimus-based immunosuppression for preservation of renal function in liver transplant recipients shows no demonstrable benefit at one year. See editorial by McKenna and Trotter on page 521.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)694-705
    Number of pages12
    JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
    Volume12
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

    Keywords

    • Calcineurin inhibitor
    • liver transplantation
    • maintenance therapy
    • nephrotoxicity
    • sirolimus

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