Sleep and mental health in children and adolescents

Michelle Short, Kate Bartel, Mary Carskadon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


Mental illness poses one of the largest disease burdens of all conditions. While the burden of diseases is felt most acutely among older adults, such psychiatry illnesses as depression and anxiety are prevalent across much of the human lifespan. Indeed, late childhood and adolescence are important developmental periods in terms of mental health, with a notable acceleration of the incidence of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and psychosis occurring during this time. Furthermore, these illnesses are frequently chronic and recurrent, and earlier age of onset is associated with a more severe and unremitting course, substantial impairments to educational and social functioning, and reduced quality of life. Anxiety is the most common psychiatric disorder of childhood, affecting between 3.9% and 17.5% of children and adolescents, while depression affects between 2% and 8%. Depression and anxiety disorders are frequently comorbid, with anxiety typically preceding depression . Another affliction that often co-occurs with both conditions is sleep problems, including insufficient sleep, trouble falling asleep, and unrefreshing sleep, among others. As many as 90% of children with anxiety and/or depression report problems with their sleep. As reviewed below, strong evidence indicates that sleep causally impacts a range of factors relating to mental health, including mood, emotion dysregulation, depression, anxiety, and suicide
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSleep and Health
EditorsMichael Grandner
PublisherAcademic Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128153741
ISBN (Print)9780128153734
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2019


  • child
  • adolescent
  • youth
  • sleep
  • sleep duration
  • sleep quality
  • insomnia
  • mood
  • emotion
  • depression
  • anxiety

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