Sleeping with a broken promise: The moderating role of generativity concerns in the relationship between psychological contract breach and insomnia among older workers

Patrick Garcia, Prashant Bordia, Simon Restubog, Valerie Caines

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper examines the relationship between psychological contract breach and insomnia among older workers (aged 40 years and up). Drawing upon the conservation of resources theory, we conceptualize breach as a stressful event characterized by a perceived threat, failure to gain, or actual loss of valued resources, which increases psychological distress and insomnia. Moreover, we hypothesized that older workers' generativity concerns would act as a personal resource that would buffer the negative impact of breach. We tested our proposed model in 2 studies (Study 1 = 123; Study 2 = 168) of employee–spouse dyads. Results revealed that psychological distress mediated the relationship between psychological contract breach and insomnia. These mediated relationships were significant for those with low, but not for those with high levels of generativity concerns. These effects remained significant even after controlling for perceived organizational support (i.e., a social exchange mechanism). Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)326-338
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
    Volume39
    Issue number3
    Early online date2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

    Keywords

    • conservation of resources
    • generativity
    • older workers
    • psychological contracts

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