Social Support and Career Psychological States: An Integrative Model of Person–Environment Fit

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Abstract

This study examined the mediating role of person–environment (P-E) fit in the relationships of perceived social support (PSS) with perceived employability and career decision self-efficacy (CDSE). The moderating role of gender was also tested in the PSS and P-E fit relationship and in the P-E fit mediated relationships of PSS with perceived employability and CDSE. Seven hundred and ninety-nine Chinese university students returned usable questionnaires. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results demonstrated that P-E fit fully mediated the relationship between PSS and perceived employability and partially mediated the PSS–CDSE relationship. Multi-group SEM revealed that the relationship between PSS and P-E fit was stronger among males than among females. This gender difference also contributed to the gender difference in the indirect relationships of PSS with perceived employability and CDSE via P-E fit, such that these indirect relationships were stronger for males than for females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-237
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • career decision self-efficacy
  • China
  • gender
  • perceived employability
  • person–environment fit
  • social support

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