Societal determinants of HIV vulnerability among clients of female commercial sex workers in Indonesia

Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Christina Yeni Kustanti, Ririn Wulandari, Ayi Diah Damayani, Lillian Mwanri

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16 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


This study aimed to explore societal determinants of HIV vulnerability among the clients of female commercial sex workers (FCSWs) in Belu and Malaka districts, Indonesia. A qualitative inquiry using in-depth interviews was employed to collect data from participants (n = 42) recruited using a purposive and snowball sampling technique. Data analysis was guided by a qualitative data analysis framework. The study results revealed several societal determinants that supported vulnerability to HIV infection among the participants. They included low education level and sexual health literacy including the lack of knowledge and information about HIV transmission and prevention. Additional determinants identified were limited source of HIV/AIDS-related information, availability of and ease of accessibility of brothels and FCSWs, peer influence, and high mobility of the study participants. Findings of this study indicate the needs and call for interventions that aim to protect both FCSWs and their clients, through provision of HIV/AIDS and sexual health education and information and improvement in the availability and accessibility of condoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0207647
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS One
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Copyright: © 2018 Fauk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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