Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities

E Emerson, C. Hatton, G. Llewellyn, J. Blacker, H. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Many previous studies have reported that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more likely to show signs of psychological distress and have lower well-being than mothers of 'typically developing' children. Our aim was to estimate the extent to which these differences may be accounted for by between-group differences in socio-economic position. Methods: This study involved secondary analysis of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy variables in a nationally representative sample of 6954 British mothers with dependent children under the age of 17 years, 514 of whom were supporting a child with an ID. Results: Mothers of children with IDs reported lower levels of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy than mothers of children without IDs. Statistically controlling for differences in socio-economic position, household composition and maternal characteristics fully accounted for the between-group differences in maternal happiness, and accounted for over 50% of the elevated risk for poorer self-esteem and self-efficacy. Conclusions: A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer well-being among mothers of children with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-873
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume50
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Maternal well-being
  • Socio-economic position

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