Polyfunctional T cell responses are increasingly underpinning new and improved vaccination regimens. Studies of the nature and extent of these T cell responses may be facilitated if specific T cell populations can be assessed from mixed populations by ligand-mediated capture in a solid-state assay format. Accordingly, we report here the development of a novel strategy for the solid-state capture and real-time activation analyses of individual cognate T cells which utilizes a spontaneous self-assembly process for generating multimers of biotinylated class I major histocompatibility-peptide complex (MHCp) directly on the solid-state assay surface while also ensuring stability by covalent interfacial binding. The capture surface was constructed by the fabrication of multilayer coatings onto standard slides. The first layer was a thin polymer coating with surface aldehyde groups, onto which streptavidin was covalently immobilized, followed by the docking of multimers of biotinylated MHCp or biotinylated anti-CD45.1 monoclonal antibody. The high binding strength at each step of this immobilization sequence aims to ensure that artefacts such as (partial) detachment, or displacement by proteins from solution, would not interfere with the intended biological assays. The multilayer coating steps were monitored by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; data indicated that the MHCp proteins self-assembled in a multimeric form onto the streptavidin surface. Immobilized multimeric MHCp demonstrated the capacity to bind and retain antigen-specific T cells from mixed populations of cells onto the solid carrier. Furthermore, real-time confocal microscopic detection and quantification of subsequent calcium flux using paired fluorescent ratiometric probes facilitated the analysis of individual T cell response profiles, as well as population analyses using a combination of individual T cell events.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2012|
- Immune response
- Plasma polymerization
- Polyfunctional T cells