South-South Migration: Remittances of Labour Migrants and Household Expenditures in Uzbekistan

Jakhongir Kakhkharov, Muzaffarjon Ahunov, Ziyodullo Parpiev, Inna Wolfson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the impact of international labour migrants’ remittances on household expenditures in Uzbekistan as an understudied case of South-South migration. In doing so, we use instrumental variable regressions to address endogeneity caused by self-selection bias. We find that remittance-receiving households spend a significantly smaller part of their budgets on food and health. This finding contrasts with studies of South-South remittances in Africa that find that households tend to spend most of their remittance incomes on food. Our estimations also provide evidence that remittance-receiving households spend a larger part of their total expenditures on non-food consumption. Remittances’ impact on healthcare expenditures is negative and on education expenditures is insignificant. These results support the view that remittances in this South-South migration corridor are channelled mainly to consumer goods, limiting their contribution to economic development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-58
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Migration
Issue number5
Early online date5 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Research Beyond the Ivory Tower: Policy and Communications Training for University Teams project, funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and administered by NUPI. The authors thank mentors and participants in a six‐day advanced training workshop in Oslo, mid‐term meetings in Tbilisi and Almaty, a final workshop in Oslo organized by NUPI, workshop participants at the First Uzbekistan Initiative Workshop organized by the George Washington University, conference participants at ASN 23 Annual World Convention, Columbia University, and the anonymous referee. Any errors are our own. rd

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. International Migration © 2020 IOM


  • labour migrants
  • household expenditure
  • Uzbekistan


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