Sovereignty, Democracy and Neutrality: French Foreign Policy and the National-Patriotic Humanitarianism of the French Red Cross, 1919–1928

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent historiography pertaining to the International Red Cross has generally emphasised the transnational scale as best suited for analysing this global movement. Using the French Red Cross as a case study, this article suggests that focusing on the national scale, or even on the national-imperial scale, does not exclude transnational approaches but enriches them. In doing so, it highlights the dialectic between scales of humanitarian activity and complicates our understanding of the Red Cross movement in the early twentieth century. The article examines how the French Red Cross strived for its independence within the broader Red Cross world in a postwar humanitarian context increasingly dominated by transnational organisations. It also argues that in the 1920s the French Red Cross, a traditional auxiliary of the French army, became an arm of the French Foreign Office, advancing French diplomacy and sovereignty.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalContemporary European History
Early online date9 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Red Cross
  • humanitarian
  • postwar

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sovereignty, Democracy and Neutrality: French Foreign Policy and the National-Patriotic Humanitarianism of the French Red Cross, 1919–1928'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this