Protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane occurs at the Sec61 translocon. This has two essential subunits, the channel-forming multispanning membrane protein Sec61p/Sec61α and the tail-anchored Sss1p/Sec61γ, which has been proposed to "clamp" the channel. We have analyzed the function of Sss1p using a series of domain mutants and found that both the cytosolic and transmembrane clamp domains of Sss1p are essential for protein translocation. Our data reveal that the cytosolic domain is required for Sec61p interaction but that the transmembrane clamp domain is required to complete activation of the translocon after precursor targeting to Sec61p.
Wilkinson, B. M., Brownsword, J. K., Mousley, C. J., & Stirling, C. J. (2010). Sss1p is required to complete protein translocon activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(42), 32671-32677. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.128256