Statistical shape modelling versus linear scaling : Effects on predictions of hip joint centre location and muscle moment arms in people with hip osteoarthritis

Jasvir S. Bahl, Ju Zhang, Bryce A. Killen, Mark Taylor, Lucian B. Solomon, John B. Arnold, David G. Lloyd, Thor F. Besier, Dominic Thewlis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Marker-based dynamic functional or regression methods are used to compute joint centre locations that can be used to improve linear scaling of the pelvis in musculoskeletal models, although large errors have been reported using these methods. This study aimed to investigate if statistical shape models could improve prediction of the hip joint centre (HJC) location. The inclusion of complete pelvis imaging data from computed tomography (CT) was also explored to determine if free-form deformation techniques could further improve HJC estimates. Mean Euclidean distance errors were calculated between HJC from CT and estimates from shape modelling methods, and functional- and regression-based linear scaling approaches. The HJC of a generic musculoskeletal model was also perturbed to compute the root-mean squared error (RMSE) of the hip muscle moment arms between the reference HJC obtained from CT and the different scaling methods. Shape modelling without medical imaging data significantly reduced HJC location error estimates (11.4 ± 3.3 mm) compared to functional (36.9 ± 17.5 mm, p = <0.001) and regression (31.2 ± 15 mm, p = <0.001) methods. The addition of complete pelvis imaging data to the shape modelling workflow further reduced HJC error estimates compared to no imaging (6.6 ± 3.1 mm, p = 0.002). Average RMSE were greatest for the hip flexor and extensor muscle groups using the functional (16.71 mm and 8.87 mm respectively) and regression methods (16.15 mm and 9.97 mm respectively). The effects on moment-arms were less substantial for the shape modelling methods, ranging from 0.05 to 3.2 mm. Shape modelling methods improved HJC location and muscle moment-arm estimates compared to linear scaling of musculoskeletal models in patients with hip osteoarthritis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)164-172
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Biomechanics
    Volume85
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2019

    Keywords

    • Hip joint centre
    • Musculoskeletal modelling
    • Scaling
    • Statistical shape model

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