Structural and Morphological Diversity of (1→3)-β-D-Glucans Synthesized in Vitro by Enzymes from Saprolegnia monoïca. Comparison with a Corresponding in Vitro Product from Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)

Ludovic Pelosi, Tomoya Imai, Henri Chanzy, Laurent Heux, Eric Buhler, Vincent Bulone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detergent extracts of microsomal fractions from Saprolegnia monoïca and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) cells were incubated with UDP-glucose to yield in vitro (1→3)-β-D-glucans. The insoluble products were analyzed by conventional and cryo transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and 13C CP/MAS NMR, and their molecular weights were determined by light scattering experiments. All the products were microfibrillar, but for the detergent extracts from S. monoïca, important morphological differences were observed when the pH of the synthesizing medium was modified. At pH 6, the product had a weight average degree of polymerization (DPW) exceeding 20 000 and consisted of endless ribbon-like microfibrils. The microfibrils obtained at pH 9 had a length of only 200-300 nm, and their DPW was ∼5000. Of all the in vitro (1→3)-β-D-glucans, the one from R. fruticosus had the shortest length and the smallest DPW. Crystallographic and spectroscopic data showed that the three in vitro samples consisted of triple helices of (1→3)-β-D-glucans and contained substantial amounts of water molecules in their structure, the shortest microfibrils being more hydrated. In addition, the long microfibrils from S. monoïca synthesized at pH 6 were more resistant toward the action of an endo- (1→3)-β-D-glucanase than the shorter ones obtained at pH 9. These results are discussed in terms of molecular biosynthetic mechanisms of fungal and plant (1→3)-β-D-glucans, and in relation with the possible existence of several (1→3)-β-D-glucan synthases in a given organism. The interpretation and discussion of these observations integrate the current knowledge of the structure and function of (1→3)-β-D-glucans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6264-6274
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemistry
Volume42
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003
Externally publishedYes

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