Structural variants and selective sweep foci contribute to insecticide resistance in the Drosophila genetic reference panel

Paul Battlay, Pontus B. Leblanc, Llewellyn Green, Nandita R. Garud, Joshua M. Schmidt, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Charles Robin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patterns of nucleotide polymorphism within populations of Drosophila melanogaster suggest that insecticides have been the selective agents driving the strongest recent bouts of positive selection. However, there is a need to explicitly link selective sweeps to the particular insecticide phenotypes that could plausibly account for the drastic selective responses that are observed in these non-target insects. Here, we screen the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel with two common insecticides; malathion (an organophosphate) and permethrin (a pyrethroid). Genome-wide association studies map survival on malathion to two of the largest sweeps in the D. melanogaster genome; Ace and Cyp6g1. Malathion survivorship also correlates with lines which have high levels of Cyp12d1, Jheh1 and Jheh2 transcript abundance. Permethrin phenotypes map to the largest cluster of P450 genes in the Drosophila genome, however in contrast to a selective sweep driven by insecticide use, the derived allele seems to be associated with susceptibility. These results underscore previous findings that highlight the importance of structural variation to insecticide phenotypes: Cyp6g1 exhibits copy number variation and transposable element insertions, Cyp12d1 is tandemly duplicated, the Jheh loci are associated with a Bari1 transposable element insertion, and a Cyp6a17 deletion is associated with susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3489-3497
Number of pages9
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP)
  • Acetylcholinesterase
  • Cyp6a17
  • Malathion
  • Permethrin

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