Structure Elucidation of New Acetylated Saponins, Lessoniosides A, B, C, D, and E, and Non-Acetylated Saponins, Lessoniosides F and G, from the Viscera of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria lessoni

Yadollah Bahrami, Christopher Franco

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sea cucumbers produce numerous compounds with a wide range of chemical structural diversity. Among these, saponins are the most diverse and include sulfated, non-sulfated, acetylated and methylated congeners with different aglycone and sugar moieties. In this study, MALDI and ESI tandem mass spectrometry, in the positive ion mode, were used to elucidate the structure of new saponins extracted from the viscera of H. lessoni. Fragmentation of the aglycone provided structural information on the presence of the acetyl group. The presence of the O-acetyl group was confirmed by observing the mass transition of 60 u corresponding to the loss of a molecule of acetic acid. Ion fingerprints from the glycosidic cleavage provided information on the mass of the aglycone (core), and the sequence and type of monosaccharides that constitute the sugar moiety. The tandem mass spectra of the saponin precursor ions [M + Na]+ provided a wealth of detailed structural information on the glycosidic bond cleavages. As a result, and in conjunction with existing literature, we characterized the structure of five new acetylated saponins, Lessoniosides A-E, along with two non-acetylated saponins Lessoniosides F and G at m/z 1477.7, which are promising candidates for future drug development. The presented strategy allows a rapid, reliable and complete analysis of native saponins.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)597-617
    Number of pages21
    JournalMarine Drugs
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

    Keywords

    • Bioactive compounds
    • Echinodermata
    • ESI
    • Holothurian
    • HPCPC
    • MALDI
    • Marine invertebrate
    • Mass spectrometry
    • Saponins
    • Sea cucumber
    • Structure elucidation
    • Triterpene glycosides
    • Viscera

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