Study of the ketohexokinase inhibitor PF-06835919 as a clinical cytochrome P450 3A inducer: Integrated use of oral midazolam and liquid biopsy

Ruolun Qiu, Kari Fonseca, Arthur Bergman, Jian Lin, David Tess, Lauren Newman, Alia Fahmy, Zivile Useckaite, Andrew Rowland, Manoli Vourvahis, David Rodrigues

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Abstract

PF-06835919, a ketohexokinase inhibitor, presented as an inducer of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) in vitro (human primary hepatocytes), and static mechanistic modeling exercises predicted significant induction in vivo (oral midazolam area under the plasma concentration-time curve [AUC] ratio [AUCR] = 0.23–0.79). Therefore, a drug–drug interaction study was conducted to evaluate the effect of multiple doses of PF-06835919 (300 mg once daily × 10 days; N = 10 healthy participants) on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral midazolam 7.5 mg dose. The adjusted geometric means for midazolam AUC and its maximal plasma concentration were similar following co-administration with PF-06835919 (vs. midazolam administration alone), with ratios of the adjusted geometric means (90% confidence interval [CI]) of 97.6% (90% CI: 79.9%–119%) and 98.9% (90% CI: 76.4%–128%), respectively, suggesting there was minimal effect of PF-06835919 on midazolam pharmacokinetics. Lack of CYP3A4 induction was confirmed after the preparation of subject plasma-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) and conducting proteomic and activity (midazolam 1′-hydroxylase) analysis. Consistent with the midazolam AUCR observed, the CYP3A4 protein expression fold-induction (geometric mean, 90% CI) was low in liver (0.9, 90% CI: 0.7–1.2) and non-liver (0.9, 90% CI: 0.7-1.2) sEVs (predicted AUCR = 1.0, 90% CI: 0.9–1.2). Likewise, minimal induction of CYP3A4 activity (geometric mean, 90% CI) in both liver (1.1, 90% CI: 0.9–1.3) and non-liver (0.9, 90% CI: 0.5-1.5) sEVs was evident (predicted AUCR = 0.9, 90% CI: 0.6-1.4). The results showcase the integrated use of an oral CYP3A probe (midazolam) and plasma-derived sEVs to assess a drug candidate as inducer.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13644
Number of pages11
JournalClinical and Translational Science
Volume17
Issue number1
Early online date18 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Ketohexokinase
  • Inhibitors
  • PF-06835919
  • Midazolam
  • Pharmacokinetics

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