Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery

Eirini Skiadaresi, Colm McAlinden, Konrad Pesudovs, Silvio Polizzi, Jyoti Khadka, Giuseppe Ravalico

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    Abstract

    Objective: To investigate the effect of cataract surgery on subjective quality of vision. Methods: The Quality of Vision (QoV) questionnaire (Italian translation) was completed before and 3 months after cataract surgery in 4 groups of patients recruited from September through December 2010: first eye with ocular comorbidity, first eye without ocular comorbidity, second eye with ocular comorbidity, and second eye without ocular comorbidity. The questionnaire measures 3 aspects of quality of vision: frequency, severity, and bothersome nature of symptoms. The Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III was used for cataract grading. Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were performed to compare QoV scores within and between groups. Spearman rank correlations (r s) were calculated to investigate the correlation between LOCS III and QoV symptoms. Results: Two hundred twelve patients (mean [SD] age, 74.2 [8.7] years) were recruited, and 212 eyes were included in the study. Improvements in QoV scores were found in all 4 groups (P < .05). There were no statistically significant (P > .05) differences among the 4 groups in the improvement in QoV scores or in the preoperative or postoperative scores. Blurred vision was correlated with posterior subcapsular cataract (rs = 0.420, P =.04). Conclusions: Cataract in one or both eyes causes a similar loss in subjective quality of vision, which is also irrespective of the presence of ocular comorbidity. Posterior subcapsular cataract causes the specific symptom "blurred vision." Cataract surgery resulted in a large and comparable improvement in subjective quality of vision, regardless of ocular comorbidity and first or second eye surgery.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1377-1382
    Number of pages6
    JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
    Volume130
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • Cite this

    Skiadaresi, E., McAlinden, C., Pesudovs, K., Polizzi, S., Khadka, J., & Ravalico, G. (2012). Subjective quality of vision before and after cataract surgery. Archives of Ophthalmology, 130(11), 1377-1382. https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1603