Suicide inactivation of dioldehydratase by glycolaldehyde and chloroacetaldehyde: An examination of the reaction mechanism

Gregory M. Sandala, David M. Smith, Michelle L. Coote, Leo Radom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-level ab initio calculations have been used to study the mechanism for the inactivation of diol dehydratase (DDH) by glycolaldehyde or 2-chloroacetaldehyde. As in the case of the catalytic substrates of DDH, e.g., ethane-1,2-diol, the 5′-deoxyadenosyl radical (Ado•) is able to abstract a hydrogen atom from both substrate analogues in the initial step on the reaction pathway, as evidenced by comparable energy barriers. However, in subsequent step(s), each substrate analogue produces the highly stable glycolaldehyde radical. The barrier for hydrogen atom reabstraction by the glycolaldehyde radical is calculated to be too high (∼110 kJ mol-1) to allow Ado• to be regenerated and recombine with the cob(II)alamin radical, the latter therefore remaining tightly bound to DDH. As a consequence, the catalytic pathway is disrupted, and DDH becomes an impotent enzyme. Interconversion of equivalent structures of the glycolaldehyde radical via the symmetrical cis-ethanesemidione radical is calculated to require 38 kJ mol-1. EPR indications of a symmetrical cis-ethanesemidione structure are likely to be the result of formation of an equilibrium mixture of glycolaldehyde radical structures, this equilibration being facilitated by partial deprotonation of the glycolaldehyde radical by the carboxylate of an amino acid residue within the active site of DDH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12206-12207
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of The American Chemical Society
Volume126
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

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