Summarizing Consensus Guidelines on Obesity Management: A Joint, Multidisciplinary Venture of the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity & Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) and World Gastroenterology Organisation (WGO)

Reem Z. Sharaiha, Scott Shikora, Kevin P. White, Guilherme MacEdo, Jim Toouli, Lillian Kow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Obesity is a chronic disease, characterized by both abnormal and/or excess body fat accumulation, that is multifactorial in origin and influenced by various genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors1 This state of hyperlipidosis adversely affects someone’s health, increasing their risk for a range of comorbid conditions and premature mortality, and reducing their overall quality of life.2 Life-altering and oftentimes life-threatening comorbid conditions that have been empirically linked to obesity include type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM),3–5 cardiovascular disease,5–8 sleep apnea,9,10 chronic kidney disease,11,12 and at least 13 distinct forms of cancer that, among others, include breast, colorectal, hepatocellular, ovarian, and pancreatic malignancies and multiple myeloma.13,14 More recently, obesity has been empirically documented to be an independent risk factor for adverse health outcomes, including death, in persons with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).15–18 For all these reasons, obesity is now considered a leading cause of chronic disease, disability, morbidity, and both direct and indirect health care costs worldwide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-976
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume57
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Obesity management
  • IFSO
  • World Gastroenterology Organisation (WGO)
  • hyperlipidosis
  • chronic disease

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