‘Super-mothers’: the meaning of mothering after assisted reproductive technology

Nooredin Mohammadi, Mahmood Shamshiri, Ali Mohammadpour, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Mohammad Abbasi, Tahereh Sadeghi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective: The objective was to explore mothers’ experiences after assisted reproductive technology (ART). Background: The experience of mothering in women after assisstive reproductions has not been fully understood. Study design: An interpretive phenomenology approach was used to conduct the study. Participants: A purposive sample of nine mothers who had babies through ART participated in the study. Data were collected using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Findings: ‘Super-mothering’ was the main theme emerging from the data, describing mothers who wanted to be exceptional by performing all of their mothering responsibilities without fatigue or exhaustion and who were ready to do everything in their power to support the child. This theme incorporates four sub-themes: (1) over-care; (2) over-protection; (3) over-emotional investment; and (4) over-expectation of themselves and others. Conclusion: The challenge to be a mother through ART is a stressful phenomenon, particularly so for the majority who are also first-time mothers. Healthcare professionals need to consider the concept of super-mothering in trying to understand and care effectively for this group.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)42-53
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • ART mothers
    • interpretive phenomenology
    • lived experience


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