Supermatrix phylogeny and biogeography of the Australasian Meliphagides radiation (Aves: Passeriformes)

Petter Z. Marki, Knud A. Jønsson, Martin Irestedt, Jacqueline M.T. Nguyen, Carsten Rahbek, Jon Fjeldså

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


With nearly 300 species, the infraorder Meliphagides represents one of the largest and most conspicuous Australasian bird radiations. Although the group has been the focus of a number of recent phylogenetic studies, a comprehensive species-level phylogenetic hypothesis is still lacking. This has impeded the assessment of broad-scale evolutionary, biogeographic and ecological hypotheses. In the present study, we use a supermatrix approach including five mitochondrial and four nuclear markers to infer a time-calibrated phylogeny of the Meliphagides. Our phylogeny, which includes 286 of the 289 (99%) currently recognized species, is largely congruent with previous estimates. However, the addition of 60 newly sequenced species reveals some novel relationships. Our biogeographic analyses suggest an Australian origin for the group in the early Oligocene (31.3 Mya, 95% HPD 25.2–38.2 Mya). In addition, we find that dispersal events out of Australia have been numerous and frequent, particularly to New Guinea, which has also been the source of multiple back-colonizations to the Australian mainland. The phylogeny provides an important framework for studying a wide variety of macroecological and macroevolutionary themes, including character evolution, origin and timing of diversification, biogeographic patterns and species responses to climate change.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-529
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Meliphagides
  • molecular phylogeny
  • systematics
  • Australia
  • New Guinea
  • honeyeaters
  • Systematics
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Honeyeaters


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