The shoulder is a complex structure and pain may arise from a multitude of anatomic sites within the shoulder girdle. A thorough understanding of the surface anatomy is essential to accurately diagnose and treat these conditions safely. Much of the specific anatomy can be extrapolated from palpation of the coracoid, acromion and clavicle. This chapter reviews the fundamental, clinically relevant surface and cutaneous anatomy of the shoulder with emphasis on application to surgical incisions, preservation of blood supply and contribution to infection.
- Langers lines
- Relaxed tension lines