Surface and cutaneous anatomy of the shoulder

Joideep Phadnis, Gregory I. Bain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The shoulder is a complex structure and pain may arise from a multitude of anatomic sites within the shoulder girdle. A thorough understanding of the surface anatomy is essential to accurately diagnose and treat these conditions safely. Much of the specific anatomy can be extrapolated from palpation of the coracoid, acromion and clavicle. This chapter reviews the fundamental, clinically relevant surface and cutaneous anatomy of the shoulder with emphasis on application to surgical incisions, preservation of blood supply and contribution to infection.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNormal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783662457191
ISBN (Print)9783662457184
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Anatomy
  • Langers lines
  • Pathoanatomy
  • Relaxed tension lines
  • Shoulder
  • Skin
  • Surface


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