The symbiotic organism search (SOS) algorithm is a promising meta-heuristic evolutionary algorithm. Its excellent quality of global optimization solution has aroused the interest of many researchers. In this work, we not only applied the strategy of multi-group communication and quantum behavior to the SOS algorithm, but also formed a novel global optimization algorithm called the MQSOS algorithm. It has speed and convergence ability and plays a good role in solving practical problems with multiple arguments. We also compared MQSOS with other intelligent algorithms under the CEC2013 large-scale optimization test suite, such as particle swarm optimization (PSO), parallel PSO (PPSO), adaptive PSO (APSO), QUasi-Affine TRansformation Evolutionary (QUATRE), and oppositional SOS (OSOS). The experimental results show that MQSOS algorithm had better performance than the other intelligent algorithms. In addition, we combined and optimized the DV-hop algorithm for node localization in wireless sensor networks, and also improved the DV-hop localization algorithm to achieve higher localization accuracy than some existing algorithms.
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