Symptom patterns in populations

Magnus Ekström, David C. Currow, Katrien Moens

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Breathlessness is the cardinal symptom of cardiorespiratory disease. It increases with disease severity and is often associated with other chronic and debilitating symptoms. This chapter reviews the prevalence and consequences of breathlessness in advanced disease and the affected (older) population, associated symptoms, and risk factors for experiencing more severe symptoms, particularly focusing on changes in breathlessness and associated symptoms over time in patients with advanced disease and nearing death.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPalliative care in respiratory disease
    EditorsClaudia Bausewein, David C. Currow, Miriam J. Johnson, Robert Bals
    PublisherEuropean Respiratory Society
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Electronic)9781849840729
    ISBN (Print)9781849840712
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016

    Publication series

    NameERS monograph
    ISSN (Print)2312-508X


    • Symptom patterns in populations
    • Breathlessness
    • cardiorespiratory disease
    • affected populations
    • older populations


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