Synthesis, structure, and reactivity of novel lanthanum tungstates

Melitta Gärtner, Dirk Abeln, Allan Pring, Michael Wilde, Armin Reller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two new compounds, La2W3O12 and LaFeW3O12, were prepared from La2O3 and WO3 or from Fe2O3, La2O3, and WO3. La2W3O12 has a structure which can be considered as a distorted superstructure of the scheelite structure CaWO4 in which 1/3 of the Ca sites are vacant. It is monoclinic, with space group C2/c and a = 7.873(2) Å, b = 11.841(2) Å, c = 11.654(2) Å, and β = 109.25(3)°. LaFeW3O12 is triclinic with a = 7.569(3) Å, b = 7.537(2) Å, c = 32.41(2) Å, α = 90.13(4)°, β = 94.75(3)°;, and γ = 98.90(3)°, and the structure consists of two distinct layers, one of which is a La tungstate which consists of a sheet of La in eight coordination and a sheet of WO4 tetrahedra and another which consists of a sheet of edge-sharing FeO6 octahedra sandwiched between two sheets of edge-connected WO6 octahedra. The reactivity of these compounds with H2 was investigated by TGA. La2W3O12 is reduced at 1100°C to yield a mixture of La2O3 and W metal. The products of the reduction of LaFeW3O12 were found to depend on the composition of the atmosphere. In N2 with 5% H2 the compound yields a complex mixture of Lax(WO3)y compounds with W and a W-Fe alloy, while in 100% H2, La2O3, W, and the alloys Fe6W7 or Fe2W are formed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1994
Externally publishedYes

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