Technology-delivered personalized nutrition intervention on dietary outcomes among adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression

Ying Lau, Sai Ho Wong, Daniel Guang Hui Chee, Brenda Sok Peng Ng, Wen Wei Ang, Chad Yixian Han, Ling Jie Cheng

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Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity has continued to increase globally, and one-size-fits-all dietary recommendations may not be suitable for different individual characteristics. A personalized nutrition intervention may be a potential solution. This review aims to evaluate the effects of the technology-delivered personalized nutrition intervention on energy, fat, vegetable, and fruit intakes among adults with overweight and obesity. A three-step comprehensive search strategy was performed from 10 databases and seven clinical registries in published and unpublished trials. A total of 46 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 19,670 adults with overweight and obesity from 14 countries are included. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses were conducted. Meta-analyses showed a reduction of energy intake (−128.05, 95% CI: −197.08, −59.01) and fat intake (−1.81% energy/days, 95% CI: −3.38, −0.24, and −0.19 scores, 95% CI: −0.40, 0.02) in the intervention compared with the comparator. Significant improvements in vegetable and fruit intakes with 0.12–0.15 servings/day were observed in the intervention. Combined one- and two-way interactions had a greater effect on energy intake reduction compared with their counterparts. Meta-regression analyses revealed that no significant covariates were found. Given that the certainty of the evidence was rated as low or very low, further well-designed RCTs with long-term follow-up are warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13699
Number of pages22
JournalObesity Reviews
Early online date31 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • dietary outcomes
  • obesity
  • overweight
  • technology-delivered personalized nutrition intervention

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