Temperament in Australian, American, Chinese, and Greek infants: Some Issues and Directions for Future Research

Margot Prior, Michael Kyrios, Frank Oberklaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ratings of temperament in 4-to 8-month-old infants were compared across four cultural groups (American, Chinese, Australian, and Greek-Australian)using the revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire. Significant differences were found on all dimensions, with American and Australian infants being most alike and Greek and Chinese being very different from these two groups Generally, positive or "easy" temperament profiles characterized American and Australian infants while a "difficult" profile emerged for Greek-Australian infants. Biological and cultural explanations were considered in interpretations of the obtained differences. It is concluded that there are important cultural effects on temperament ratings but that such effects are effects are complex and require more careful investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-474
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Cross-cultural Psychology
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • American
  • Australian
  • Greek
  • infants
  • cultural differences

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