Temporal Coherence Strategies for Augmented Reality Labeling

Jacob Boesen Madsen, Markus Tatzqern, Claus B. Madsen, Dieter Schmalstieg, Denis Kalkofen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Temporal coherence of annotations is an important factor in augmented reality user interfaces and for information visualization. In this paper, we empirically evaluate four different techniques for annotation. Based on these findings, we follow up with subjective evaluations in a second experiment. Results show that presenting annotations in object space or image space leads to a significant difference in task performance. Furthermore, there is a significant interaction between rendering space and update frequency of annotations. Participants improve significantly in locating annotations, when annotations are presented in object space, and view management update rate is limited. In a follow-up experiment, participants appear to be more satisfied with limited update rate in comparison to a continuous update rate of the view management system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1415-1423
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number4
Early online date20 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Layout
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • Image resolution
  • Coherence
  • Force
  • Animation
  • Data visualization


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