The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review

Janet Robertson, Steve Beyer, Eric Emerson, Susannah Baines, Chris Hatton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is strong evidence indicating that paid employment is generally good for the physical and mental health of the general population. This systematic review considers the association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities. Methods: Studies published from 1990 to 2018 were identified via electronic literature databases, email requests and cross-citations. Identified studies were reviewed narratively. Results: Twelve studies were identified. Studies were generally consistent in reporting an association between being in paid employment and better physical or mental health status. Conclusions: This review supports the view that the well-established association between employment and better health is similar for adults with and without intellectual disabilities. However, evidence establishing causality is lacking and further research to determine specific health benefits attributable to employment for people with intellectual disabilities and the causal pathways that operate is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1348
Number of pages14
JournalJOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • employment
  • health
  • intellectual disabilities

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