The Autonomy of Science as a Civilian Casualty of Economic Warfare: Inadvertent Censorship of Science Resulting from Unilateral Economic Sanctions

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

Unilateral coercive international political, diplomatic, and economic sanctions are regular events of international relations and international law within the landscape of foreign affairs. However, while they may be prescribed by international law, or national legal systems, for peace and security reasons they have also been imposed for political grounds by powerful States such as the United States. The US sanctions are now targeting science, academic and university domains. When applied in this way, these sanctions violate international law, principles of human rights, ethics, the autonomy of scientific institutions, and the norm of universalism in science. All of which protect and promote scientific freedom of expression. It is vital that international and domestic law be correctly applied to uphold proper ethical standards and scientific independence in order to protect the work and the freedom of scholarship. In this way, law is the solution, rather than the problem.
Original languageEnglish
Article number49
Number of pages9
JournalSCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Censorship
  • Law
  • Human rights
  • Scientific autonomy
  • economic sanctions
  • Economic sanctions
  • Censorship of science

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