Abstract: A procedure was established for determining the calcium content of mitochondria isolated from rat brain subregions based on changes in fura‐2 fluorescence after disruption of the organelles with Triton X‐100 and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Mitochondria isolated from the forebrain of normal rats contained 2.5 ± 0.9 nmol of calcium/mg of protein. A 30‐min ischemic period produced an approximately twofold increase in the calcium content of mitochondria isolated from the dorsolateral striatum, a region in which most neurons die within 24 h after this period of ischemia. The calcium content of mitochondria from the paramedian cortex, a region in which there are few ischemia‐susceptible neurons, tended to be similarly increased, although this difference was not statistically significant. Larger increases (to approximately five times control values) were seen in mitochondria isolated from both regions after 10 min of recirculation. By 1 h of recirculation, mitochondrial calcium had returned close to preischemic control values in both regions. Longer recirculation periods produced no further changes in the calcium content of mitochondria from the paramedian cortex. However, mitochondrial calcium was again increased in the dorsolateral striatum after 6 h (6.5 nmol of calcium/mg of protein) and 24 h (8.7 nmol of calcium/mg of protein) of recirculation. This regionally selective increase in calcium in the dorsolateral striatum preceded the period during which the majority of neurons in this region exhibit advanced degenerative changes. Thus, this increase may be an essential step, albeit a late one, in the development of neuronal loss.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1994|
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- Neuronal degeneration