The cellulose synthase-like F3 (CslF3) gene mediates cell wall polysaccharide synthesis and affects root growth and differentiation in barley

Haoyu Lou, Matthew R. Tucker, Neil J. Shirley, Jelle Lahnstein, Xiujuan Yang, Chao Ma, Julian Schwerdt, Riccardo Fusi, Rachel A. Burton, Leah R. Band, Malcolm J. Bennett, Vincent Bulone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The barley cellulose synthase-like F (CslF) genes encode putative cell wall polysaccharide synthases. They are related to the cellulose synthase (CesA) genes involved in cellulose biosynthesis, and the CslD genes that influence root hair development. Although CslD genes are implicated in callose, mannan and cellulose biosynthesis, and are found in both monocots and eudicots, CslF genes are specific to the Poaceae. Recently the barley CslF3 (HvCslF3) gene was shown to be involved in the synthesis of a novel (1,4)-β-linked glucoxylan, but it remains unclear whether this gene contributes to plant growth and development. Here, expression profiling using qRT-PCR and mRNA in situ hybridization revealed that HvCslF3 accumulates in the root elongation zone. Silencing HvCslF3 by RNAi was accompanied by slower root growth, linked with a shorter elongation zone and a significant reduction in root system size. Polymer profiling of the RNAi lines revealed a significant reduction in (1,4)-β-linked glucoxylan levels. Remarkably, the heterologous expression of HvCslF3 in wild-type (Col-0) and root hair-deficient Arabidopsis mutants (csld3 and csld5) complemented the csld5 mutant phenotype, in addition to altering epidermal cell fate. Our results reveal a key role for HvCslF3 during barley root development and suggest that members of the CslD and CslF gene families have similar functions during root growth regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1681-1699
Number of pages19
JournalPlant Journal
Volume110
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis
  • barley
  • cell wall
  • cellulose synthase-like gene
  • glucoxylan
  • Hordeum vulgare
  • Oroot development

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