The children's report of sleep patterns: Validity and reliability of the sleep hygiene index and sleep disturbance scale in adolescents

Lisa J. Meltzer, Chasity Brimeyer, Kathryn Russell, Kristin T. Avis, Sarah Biggs, Amy C. Reynolds, Valerie Mc Laughlin Crabtree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Sleep is critical for adolescent health and well-being. However, there are a limited number of validated self-report measures of sleep for adolescents and no well-validated measures of sleep that can be used across middle childhood and adolescence. The Children's Report of Sleep Patterns (CRSP) has been validated in children aged 8-12 years. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the CRSP, a multidimensional, self-report sleep measure for adolescents.
Methods: The participants included 570 adolescents 13-18 years, 60% female, recruited from pediatricians' offices, sleep clinics, children's hospitals, schools, and the general population. A multi-method, multi-reporter approach was used to validate the CRSP. Along with the CRSP, a subset of the sample completed the Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale (ASHS), with a different subset of adolescents undergoing polysomnography.
Results: The CRSP demonstrated good reliability and validity. Group differences on the CRSP were found for adolescents presenting to a sleep or medical clinic (vs. a community sample), for older adolescents (vs. younger adolescents), for those who regularly napped (vs. infrequently napped), and for those with poor sleep quality (vs. good sleep quality). Self-reported sleep quality in adolescents was also associated with higher apnea-hypopnea index scores from polysomnography. Finally, the CRSP Sleep Hygiene Indices were significantly correlated with indices of the ASHS.
Conclusions: The CRSP is a valid and reliable measure of adolescent sleep hygiene and sleep disturbances. With a parallel version for middle childhood, the CRSP likely provides clinicians and researchers the ability to measure self-reported sleep across development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1500-1507
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Self-report
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Sleep hygiene
  • Sleep patterns
  • Validation


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