The COVID-19 risk perceptions, health precautions, and emergency preparedness in older CALD adults in South Australia: A cross-sectional study

Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Noore Siddiquee, Helen McLaren, Md Ismail Tareque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
In Australia, the relationships of cultural contexts with health challenges in older culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) adults during the COVID-19 remain under-investigated. This study explored the older CALD adults’ risk perceptions of COVID-19, and identified demographics and risk perceptions associated with their health precautions and emergency preparation in South Australia.

Methods
A cross-sectional online survey was conducted. 155 older adults aged 60 years and over from 28 CALD communities completed the surveys. We described demographics, risk perceptions, seven items of health precautions, and five items of emergency preparedness. Data were analyzed in Stata/MP version 13.0.

Results
Mean sum-score of fear was 7.3 [SD 1.9], signifying that the participants were afraid of being infected with COVID-19. Health precaution items presented a mean sum-score of 24.8, with a compliance in washing and disinfecting hands [M: 4.4], avoiding public places and events [M: 3.9] and transports [M: 3.8], but they did not present high-alignment with staying at home and avoiding meeting at risk population groups. Overall health precautions were positively influenced by ethnicity [Asian β 3.40; 95% CI 1.21, 5.59; African β 5.46; 95% CI 0.76, 10.16]; perceptions of long-term effects [β 1.82; 95% CI 0.65, 2.99]; and fear [β 0.55; 95% CI 0.08, 1.01]. Mean sum-score of emergency preparedness was 14.9, which indicated the participants’ responses, on average, did not prevent them from buying large quantities and storing essential goods.

Conclusion
A pandemic-related response plan is needed to ensure all older CALD adults receive and follow advice and care appropriately.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalInfection, Disease and Health
Early online date19 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Culturally and linguistically diverse community
  • Older adults
  • Risk perceptions
  • Health precautions
  • Emergency preparedness
  • South Australia

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