[H3O][Ce(SO4)2] · H2O crystallizes in the monoclinic system with unit-cell dimensions (from single-crystal data) a = 9.359(4), b = 9.926(4), c = 8.444(3) Å, β = 96.53(9)° and space group P21/n, z = 4. The structure was solved by conventional heavy-atom methods using 1787 counter-measured reflections (MoKα radiation), and refined using full-matrix least-squares techniques to an R of 0.0465 (ωR = 0.0413). The structure consists of cerium(III) ions in irregular nine-coordination to oxygen atoms from two bidentate sulfate ions, four monodentate sulfate oxygen atoms, and one water molecule. The oxonium ions are present as isolated ions in the structure and take par in the hydrogen bonding network. The Ce-O bond lengths range from 2.454(7) to 2.626(6) Å.