The cultural and historical context of fertility preferences in Timor-Leste

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter investigates the factors influencing reproductive decisions, or
more specifically fertility preferences, in Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor)
– the newest nation in Asia, which currently has the highest total fertility
rate (5.9) in Asia (United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2015).
In fact it was the highest in the world at the first half of the last decade as
confirmed by the Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey (DHS)
2003, although it has declined in recent years (Ministry of Health et al. 2004;
National Statistics Directorate (NSD) Timor-Leste, et al. 2010; General
Directorate of Statistics (GDS) and ICF 2018). Demographic analysis is one
of the cornerstones of analysing Timor-Leste’s problems and highlighting its
future, because this relatively small country stands out demographically from
its neighbours in Southeast Asia
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFamily Demography in Asia
Subtitle of host publicationA Comparative Analysis of Fertility Preferences
Place of PublicationCheltenham, UK
PublisherEdward Elgar Pub
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781785363559
ISBN (Print)9781785363542
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2018


  • East Timor
  • Timor Leste
  • fertility preferences
  • developing countries


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