The Effect of Demographic Characteristics on Leadership Behaviour

Fiyad Alenazi, Nuttawuth Muenjohn, Adela McMurray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To date, the relationship between demographic characteristics and leadership behaviour is overlooked in the literature. The current study considered the effect of the demographic characteristics on leadership behaviour in terms of transformational and transactional leadership. The importance of this study stems from the association between the demographic characteristics of the leaders and their leadership behaviour. The data was collected from 438 leaders in the banking industry via a survey. Results identified that educational level had the greatest influence on leadership behaviour than any other demographic characteristics. In addition, the occupational category had a negative correlation with leadership behaviour. The findings are discussed along with suggestions for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-31
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Journal of Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • leadership behaviour
  • transformational leadership
  • demographic characteristics
  • Saudi Arabia
  • banking industry


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