The effect of geniglossal advancement on airway flow using a computational flow dynamics model

Aaron Fletcher, Jiwoong Choi, Maged Awadalla, Andrea Potash, Tanner Wallen, Steven Fletcher, Eugene Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder caused by partial or complete collapse of the pharyngeal airway. Genioglossal advancement (GGA) is a well-tolerated surgical procedure intended to address hypopharyngeal collapse, yet there are few studies that monitor changes in airflow dynamics at this site. Computation fluid dynamics (CFD) utilizes airflow simulation to predict changes in airflow after anatomic manipulation. Study Design: We investigated the change in volume and airflow dynamics of the pharyngeal airway after GGA in a cadaveric model. Methods: We performed serial GGA from 1 mm (control) to 3, 7, and 9 mm on a lightly preserved cadaver. After each intervention, we performed high-resolution computed tomography scans, reconstructed the pharyngeal airway, and quantified airspace volume and CFD analysis with both laminar and large eddy simulation models. Results: Airway volume increased with linear GGA. In both CFD simulation models, velocity increased and pressure decreased after 9-mm advancement secondary to increased airway diameter and less abrupt changes in airway geometry. Conclusions: These results suggest that GGA may be effective in increasing airway volume and flow to address hypopharyngeal obstruction in OSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3227-3232
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume123
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Fletcher, A., Choi, J., Awadalla, M., Potash, A., Wallen, T., Fletcher, S., & Chang, E. (2013). The effect of geniglossal advancement on airway flow using a computational flow dynamics model. Laryngoscope, 123(12), 3227-3232. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.24203