The effect of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC) stimulation on axial length changes to imposed optical defocus in young adults

Ranjay Chakraborty, Michael J. Collins , Henry Kricancic , Brett Davis, David Alonso-Caneiro, Fan Yi, Karthikeyan Baskaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: The intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) regulate pupil size and circadian rhythms. Stimulation of the ipRGCs using short-wavelength blue light causes a sustained pupil constriction known as the post-illumination pupil response (PIPR). Here we examined the effects of ipRGC stimulation on axial length changes to imposed optical defocus in young adults. Materials and methods: Nearly emmetropic young participants were given either myopic (+3 D, n = 16) or hyperopic (-3 D, n = 17) defocus in their right eye for 2 h. Before and after defocus, a series of axial length measurements for up to 180 s were performed in the right eye using the IOL Master following exposure to 5 s red (625 nm, 3.74 × 10 14 photons/cm 2/s) and blue (470 nm, 3.29 × 10 14 photons/cm 2/s) stimuli. The pupil measurements were collected from the left eye to track the ipRGC activity. The 6 s and 30 s PIPR, early and late area under the curve (AUC), and time to return to baseline were calculated. Results: The PIPR with blue light was significantly stronger after 2 h of hyperopic defocus as indicated by a lower 6 and 30 s PIPR and a larger early and late AUC (all p<0.05). Short-wavelength ipRGC stimulation also significantly exaggerated the ocular response to hyperopic defocus, causing a significantly greater increase in axial length than that resulting from the hyperopic defocus alone (p = 0.017). Neither wavelength had any effect on axial length with myopic defocus. Conclusions: These findings suggest an interaction between myopiagenic hyperopic defocus and ipRGC signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Optometry
Early online date17 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 May 2022

Keywords

  • Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells
  • Axial length
  • Melanopsin
  • Optical defocus
  • Myopia

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC) stimulation on axial length changes to imposed optical defocus in young adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this