The effect of oral cisapride premedication on fasting gastric volumes

M. T. Kluger, H. Owen, J. L. Plummer, C. McLean

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to determine whether fasting gastric volumes could be reduced by preoperative administration of cisapride. One hundred and twenty-one patients undergoing elective general anaesthesia were randomly allocated to receive either cisapride 20 mg plus diazepam 10 mg or placebo tablets plus diazepam 10 mg, two hours prior to induction. Immediately following induction blind gastric aspiration was performed using a 16 Fr multiorificed orogastric tube. Gastric volume, pH, and cisapride blood concentration were measured at this time. Gastric volumes were significantly smaller in the cisapride group, 20.5 (SD 22.2) ml compared to placebo 28.2 (SD 26.0) ml but there was no significant difference with respect to pH. Some patients in both groups had large gastric volumes despite fasting. No significant adverse effects were noted with cisapride.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)687-690
    Number of pages4
    JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
    Volume23
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

    Keywords

    • Anaesthesia, general, complications: Gastric stasis, aspiration, prevention, cisapride

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of oral cisapride premedication on fasting gastric volumes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this