The effectiveness of clinical guideline implementation strategies: A synthesis of systematic review findings

Mathew Prior, Michelle Guerin, Karen Grimmer-Somers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

264 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To establish the effectiveness of clinical guideline implementation strategies. Data sources/study setting: Systematic reviews in full text, English language, 1987-2007, reporting any measure of clinical process change or cost-benefit analysis. Study design: Overview of secondary evidence Data collection/extraction methods: Independent critical appraisal using AMSTAR, primary author undertaking all data extraction using a purpose-built form. Principal findings: We identified 144 potential papers, from which 33 systematic reviews were included. These reflected 714 primary studies involving 22 512 clinicians, in a range of health care settings. Implementation strategies were varied, rarely comparable, with variable outcomes. Effective implementation strategies included multifaceted interventions, interactive education and clinical reminder systems. Didactic education and passive dissemination strategies were ineffective. Cost-effectiveness studies were rare. Conclusions: Successful guideline implementation strategies should be multifaceted, and actively engage clinicians throughout the process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-897
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical guideline
  • Compliance
  • Cost-benefit
  • Effectiveness
  • Implementation

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