The effects of posture on obstructive sleep apnea

R. D. McEvoy, D. J. Sharp, A. T. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine whether the adoption of a more upright sleep posture would improve breathing and gas exchange in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), 13 male patients with OSAS were studied during an all-night polysomnographic study while lying supine or sitting at a 60-degree angle. In the upright posture, the frequency of obstructive apnea was decreased (lying, 48.9 ± 5.4/h; sitting, 19.6 ± 6.9/h; p < 0.0005) and arterial oxyhemoglobulin saturation (Sa(O2)) was increased (nREM; mean lying, 90.6 ± 0.8%; mean sitting, 92.1 ± 0.5%, p < 0.005; minimum lying, 64.8 ± 3.2%, minimum sitting, 80.8 ± 2.1%, p < 0.005). In approximately half the patients studied, obstructive sleep apnea was essentially abolished by the postural intervention. These patients were more obese and had lower Pa(O2) and higher Pa(CO2) values awake than the remaining patients in whom the response was either incomplete or absent. Arousal from sleep was less frequent in the upright posture, but sleep efficiency and overal sleep architecture were unchanged. This simple maneuver may be useful for treating some patients with OSAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-666
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Review of Respiratory Disease
Volume133
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

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