The expression of tachykinin receptors in the human lower esophageal sphincter

Ke Zhang, Que Chen, Jing Li, Xian Geng, Jun Liu, He Li, Yong Feng, Jia Li, Paul Drew

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mammalian tachykinins are a family of neuropeptides which are potent modulators of smooth muscle function with a significant contractile effect on human smooth muscle preparations. Tachykinins act via three distinct G protein-coupled neurokinin (NK) receptors, NK1, NK2 and NK3, coded by the genes TACR1, TACR2 and TACR3 respectively. The purpose of this paper was to measure the mRNA and protein expression of these receptors and their isoforms in the clasp and sling fibers of the human lower esophageal sphincter complex and circular muscle from the adjacent distal esophagus and proximal stomach. We found differences in expression between the different receptors within these muscle types, but the rank order of the receptor expression did not differ between the different muscle types. The rank order of the mRNA expression was TACR2 (α isoform)>TACR2 (β isoform)>TACR1 (short isoform)>TACR1 (long isoform)>TACR3. The rank order of the protein expression was NK2>NK1>NK3. This is the first report of the measurement of the transcript and protein expression of the tachykinin receptors and their isoforms in the muscles of the human lower esophageal sphincter complex. The results provide evidence that the tachykinin receptors could contribute to the regulation of the human lower esophageal sphincter, particularly the TACR2 α isoform which encodes the functional isoform of the tachykinin NK2 receptor was the most highly expressed of the tachykinin receptors in the muscles associated with the lower esophageal sphincter.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)144-149
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
    Volume774
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • Clasp fibers
    • Human
    • Lower esophageal sphincter
    • Sling fibers
    • Tachykinin receptors

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The expression of tachykinin receptors in the human lower esophageal sphincter'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this