The Faces of Fungi database: fungal names linked with morphology, phylogeny and human impacts

Subashini Jayasiri, Kevin Hyde, Hiran Ariyawansa, Jayarama Bhat, Bart Buyck, Lei Cai, Yu-Cheng Dai, Kamel Abd-Elsalam, Damien Ertz, Iman Hidayat, Rajesh Jeeon, E. Gareth Jones, Ali Bahkali, Samantha Karunarathna, Juan-kui Liu, J. Jennifer Luangsa-ard, H. Thorsten Lumbsch, Sajeewa Maharachchikumbura, Eric McKenzie, Jean-Marc MoncalvoMasoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad, Henrik Nilsson, Ka-Lai Pang, Olinto Pereira, Alan Phillips, Olivier Raspe, Adam Rollins, Andrea Romero, Javier Etayo, Faruk Sulcuk, Steven Stephenson, Satinee Suetrong, Joanne Taylor, Clement Tsui, Saranyaphat Boonmee, Dong Dai, Dinushani Daranagama, Asha Dissanayake, Anusha Ekanayaka, Sally Fryar, Sinang Hongsanan, Ruvishika Jayawardena, Wen-Jing Li, Rekhani Perera, R. Phookamsak, Nimali de Silva, Kasun Thambugala, Quing Tian, Nalin Wijayawardene, Rui-Lin Zhao, Qi Zhao, Ji-Chuan Kang, Itthayakorn Promputtha

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    378 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Taxonomic names are key links between various databases that store information on different organisms. Several global fungal nomenclural and taxonomic databases (notably Index Fungorum, Species Fungorum and MycoBank) can be sourced to find taxonomic details about fungi, while DNA sequence data can be sourced from NCBI, EBI and UNITE databases. Although the sequence data may be linked to a name, the quality of the metadata is variable and generally there is no corresponding link to images, descriptions or herbarium material. There is generally no way to establish the accuracy of the names in these genomic databases, other than whether the submission is from a reputable source. To tackle this problem, a new database (FacesofFungi), accessible at www.facesoffungi.org (FoF) has been established. This fungal database allows deposition of taxonomic data, phenotypic details and other useful data, which will enhance our current taxonomic understanding and ultimately enable mycologists to gain better and updated insights into the current fungal classification system. In addition, the database will also allow access to comprehensive metadata including descriptions of voucher and type specimens. This database is user-friendly, providing links and easy access between taxonomic ranks, with the classification system based primarily on molecular data (from the literature and via updated web-based phylogenetic trees), and to a lesser extent on morphological data when molecular data are unavailable. In FoF species are not only linked to the closest phylogenetic representatives, but also relevant data is provided, wherever available, on various applied aspects, such as ecological, industrial, quarantine and chemical uses. The data include the three main fungal groups (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Basal fungi) and fungus-like organisms. The FoF webpage is an output funded by the Mushroom Research Foundation which is an NGO with seven directors with mycological expertise. The webpage has 76 curators, and with the help of these specialists, FoF will provide an updated natural classification of the fungi, with illustrated accounts of species linked to molecular data. The present paper introduces the FoF database to the scientific community and briefly reviews some of the problems associated with classification and identification of the main fungal groups. The structure and use of the database is then explained. We would like to invite all mycologists to contribute to these web pages.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-18
    Number of pages16
    JournalFungal Diversity
    Volume74
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015

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  • Cite this

    Jayasiri, S., Hyde, K., Ariyawansa, H., Bhat, J., Buyck, B., Cai, L., Dai, Y-C., Abd-Elsalam, K., Ertz, D., Hidayat, I., Jeeon, R., Gareth Jones, E., Bahkali, A., Karunarathna, S., Liu, J., Luangsa-ard, J. J., Lumbsch, H. T., Maharachchikumbura, S., McKenzie, E., ... Promputtha, I. (Accepted/In press). The Faces of Fungi database: fungal names linked with morphology, phylogeny and human impacts. Fungal Diversity, 74(1), 3-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0351-8