Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a malignant lymphoproliferative disorder characterised by the accumulation of dysfunctional B-lymphocytes in the blood and lymphoid tissues. It is a clonally complex disease with a high degree of both intra-tumoural and inter-patient heterogeneity. This variability leads to a wide range of clinical outcomes and highlights the critical need for accurate prognostic tests in CLL. With the advent of a range of new targeted agents for CLL in recent years, there is also a clinical need for improved predictive tests to therapy. This review of laboratory testing in CLL focuses on emerging technologies for prognostication including single nucleotide polymorphism microarray for karyotypic analysis, targeted next generation sequencing analysis of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene as well as genes recurrently mutated in the disease such as TP53, and detection of minimal residual disease.
- Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
- multiparametric flow cytometry
- next generation sequencing
- prognostic testing